One of the main components of the naturalization test is the civics exam. Did you know that if you are over the age of 65 and have been a permanent resident for at least 20 years, you may elect to study the following 20, instead of the possible 100, questions? You will still need to achieve answer 6 out of 10 questions correctly, but it may benefit you who are eligible to study fewer questions. The questions and answers are taken from USCIS (USCIS.gov) and may be accessed on the website directly. Anyone intending on studying for the test under these conditions should always refer to USCIS for the latest questions and answers. The following is to be used only as a reference to get an idea of what the twenty questions are. Some of the answers listed here are specific to New Jersey. If you live in a different state, you will obviously have different answers as to who the Senators are, or what the state capital is.
In March of 2014, the US Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit issued an important precedential decision that has significant ramifications for aliens held in prisons and jails pursuant to detainers placed by Immigration and Customs Enforcement ("ICE"). The Court ruled in Galarza v. Szalczyk, et. al., that detainer requests are what the plain language says they are: requests. They are not mandatory, and state prisons and jails within the Third Circuit are not bound to hold alien inmates pursuant to them. Individuals and families of individuals affected by this ruling should read the decision and consult with a qualified immigration attorney. What follows is a brief synopsis:
How to Get a Green Card Through Adjustment of Status-New Jersey Immigration Lawyer
While many people who are not US Citizens are increasingly aware that they ought to seek the advice of an immigration lawyer prior to entering a plea to a criminal charge, they may not necessarily be asking the right questions to their immigration lawyer, or worse, the criminal defense or immigration lawyer may not be evaluating all of the immigration consequences to a plea. Besides issues of deportability-that is, whether the alien may be deported after already being admitted to the US-there are also questions of admissibility, which can be incredibly complex. In other words, what if the alien who is a permanent resident or here on some sort of visa decides to travel abroad after entering a plea of guilty? What will be the impact of that guilty plea on the alien's ability to re-enter the United States? For many people, this is an equally important consideration, as individuals may have families in foreign countries or their own personal reasons for wanting to travel abroad. It is not uncommon, for example, for individuals who are here with H-1B status, to remain stranded in their native countries (especially India) because these are found to be inadmissible when they apply for their "stamp" or visa. Many people understandably do not want to stay trapped or confined in the US in order to insulate themselves from removability. Admissibility also comes into play when an alien pursues a visa abroad, whether it be a non-immigrant or immigrant one. (A non-immigrant visa is a temporary visa that allows the individual to come and stay in the United States for a limited duration; an immigrant visa, in contrast, confers permanent residence on the alien and allows that person to stay in the US indefinitely.) Similarly, if the individual is already in the US, even if he or she has already been admitted (ie., on a visitor's visa), there are nevertheless issues of admissibility if that person wishes to file for adjustment of status.
What is Theft by Deception?
Surprisingly, many foreign nationals do not understand or realize when they are being put into removal proceedings. This is understandable because more often than not, unless the individual has been arrested and processed by Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the only indication the person will have that formal proceedings are being instituted to remove him/her is an innocuous looking document called a "Notice To Appear" ("NTA"). While only one or two pages long, a Notice to Appear (NTA) is an extremely important legal document with potentially dire ramifications if not addressed properly.
Restraining Orders are orders of protection granted by the Court to prohibit an individual from contact with the person claiming that his/her life, health, or well being is being threatened. They are intended to safeguard victims of domestic violence. While a restraining order is civil in nature, there are a number of consequences that can extend into both the criminal and immigration arenas.
What is a Deferred Inspection?
One of the more common grounds of removal known to immigration practitioners, but no so much to the general public, is a conviction for a crime of domestic violence. Many permanent residents and aliens-and sometimes their attorneys-- are sometimes so focused on the dangers of aggravated felonies and crimes involving moral turpitude, that they neglect to ascertain whether they are exposed to a charge of deportability based on this ground. INA 237(a)(2)(E) states: "Any alien who at any time after admission is convicted of a crime of domestic violence, a crime of stalking, or a crime of child abuse, child neglect, or child abandonment is deportable." Interestingly, there is no parallel inadmissibility provision for domestic violence. But what about situations where battered spouses are convicted of domestic violence crimes even though they may have been acting in response to an alleged attack by their abuser? Fortunately, the Immigration and Nationality Act recognizes limited circumstances like these and provides for a waiver to possibly waive the deportability teeth of a domestic violence conviction. The waiver can be found in INA 237(a)(7) and applies to victims of domestic violence victims. It states that the Attorney General may waive the deportability provisions of a domestic violence crime for a person "who has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty and who is not and was not the primary perpetrator of violence in the relationship upon a determination that-