One of the most frequently asked questions we run into concerns the legal ability of derivative family-based beneficiaries to immigrate if the principal beneficiary is not able to. The common context in which this occurs is when a principal beneficiary dies before his/her case becomes ripe and a visa granted. What happens to the principal beneficiary's family members? Can they still immigrate to the United States even though the principal beneficiary is deceased? The short answer, unfortunately, is no. Derivative beneficiaries are literally that: derivatives, and their status derives or depends on the status of the main beneficiary. If the principal beneficiary is unable to qualify for a visa, then family members under him/her will also not be accorded visas. In the case of either the petitioner's or beneficiary's death, in fact, the I-130 petition for alien relative is automatically revoked.