The Board of Immigration Appeals recently issued an important decision that should be of interest to any individual charged with domestic violence, contempt of court, and violating a restraining order in NJ. One common New Jersey statute implicated includes NJSA 2C:29-9b. In Matter of Medina-Jimenez, 27 I & N Dec. 399 (BIA 2018), the court held that the categorical approach does not apply when considering whether violating a restraining order disqualifies a person from applying for cancellation of removal, one of the most sought-after forms of relief in immigration court. Instead, an Immigration Judge is allowed to consider any probative and reliable evidence in connection with what the prosecuting authority has found about the individual's violation. The court must only find two things: one, that the offense resulted in a conviction under INA 101(a)(48)(A); and two, whether the State court that heard the matter determined that "the alien engaged in conduct that violates the portion of a protection order that involves protection against credible threats of violence, repeated harassment, or bodily injury to the person or persons for whom the protection ordered was issued." In short, the court need not engage in a strict categorical analysis to determine whether the elements of the offense in question match the federal rubric under INA 240A(b)(1)(C). As long as the immigration court is reasonably satisfied that there was a finding or admission of guilt along with some measure of punishment, and the "conviction" was based on conduct that violated a restraining order, the individual will not be eligible for cancellation of removal. What the court is essentially saying is that since the deportability section regarding restraining orders does not require a conviction, it would not make sense to require a conviction for cancellation of removal purposes.