All too often these days, unfortunately, foreign nationals are picked up by Immigration and Customs Enforcement and detained for crimes for which they were convicted of years ago. Under Section 236c of the Immigration and Nationality Act, the government is allowed to hold individuals without affording them an opportunity for bond or release. Otherwise known as mandatory detention, 236c applies to the following classes of individuals:
Few people may be aware that the much-vilified Secure Communities Program has actually been discontinued and replaced by a purportedly more focused Priority Enforcement Program, or "PEP." The death knell of Secure Communities was actually heard in November of 2014 when DHS Secretary Jeh Johnson released a memo about it, but only recently have ICE officers received training in the implementation and application of PEP.
The rules regarding whether an alien is subject to mandatory detention are found within the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), particularly Section 236(c). Under section 236(c), mandatory means what it says: the individual must be taken into custody and detained; there is no discretionary release. People with criminal records are usually the ones most vulnerable to detention without bond.